Professional Hygiene Treatment
„One does not need much to provoke a smile, and one smile is enough to make everything possible.“
Daily oral hygiene and regular professional checkups are an easy way to a healthy and beautiful smile.
Oral hygiene involves oral care and the removal of tooth deposits to prevent plaque-associated diseases. It is a cornerstone in the prevention of tooth decay and periodontal diseases.
Many people think that regular tooth brushing is enough for the maintenance of good oral health. Unfortunately, it is not true.
Oral hygiene involves two areas:
- Professional oral hygiene procedures done in a dental practice.
- Personal oral hygiene.
Professional dental hygiene involves hygiene procedures that are aimed to remove mineralized and nonmineralized tooth deposits, to polish the surfaces of teeth and fillings, to evaluate the effectiveness of tooth brushing, to perform application of preventive materials (for example, fluoride), and to teach patients how to maintain good oral health.
Personal oral hygiene is daily oral care that is maintained by every person with the help of personal hygiene measures. It involves brushing the teeth with a toothbrush, toothpaste, floss and other measures.
Once tartar has formed, a person cannot remove it on his/her own. It can be removed only by the professional dental cleaning procedure.
The main etiologic factor for periodontal diseases is the accumulation of plaque on the surface of the teeth. If the plaque accumulates on the teeth and is not removed, it turns into tartar (calculus) that can be removed only mechanically. Plaque forms on the teeth both above and below the gum line, in the fissures and defects, and around the dental fillings. The most common places for plaque to accumulate are the interproximal surfaces of the molar teeth and the lingual surfaces of the front teeth in the lower jaw.
Poor oral hygiene habits and deposits (plaque and tartar) on the teeth are related to the severity of gingivitis and periodontitis. It is known that gingivitis develops within 10-21 days if the teeth are not brushed. As soon as good oral care habits are resumed, the signs of gingivitis disappear within 1–8 days. Gingivitis occurs when tartar is not formed yet. It disappears once plaque and tartar have been removed.
If the causes are not eliminated, the inflammation progresses causing the damage to the gums, deep pockets form, bone dissolves, teeth become loose and shifting, and it can lead to tooth loss.
A professional dental cleaning should be done:
- To prevent decay, gingivitis, periodontitis, and oral mucosal diseases.
- Before the planned dental treatment: periodontal, endodontic, or orthodontic treatment, cosmetic bonding, prosthesis, implantation, tooth whitening, and oral surgery.
- As an initial stage of the complex treatment of periodontal diseases regardless of the severity of a periodontal disease.
- As a supportive treatment after a complex of therapeutic procedures in the treatment of periodontal diseases; as a supportive treatment in order to reduce the risks of complications during the orthodontic treatment in patients with nonremovable orthodontic appliances.
- As a supportive treatment in order to reduce the risk of complications after dental implant surgery to achieve long-term results.
- Before the tooth whitening procedure for a maximal improvement in a color/shade.
The Clinic “Grožio chirurgija” offers a full range of professional dental hygiene services:
- Assessment of oral heath conditions.
- Scaling, i.e., removal of nonmineralized or mineralized deposits above and below the gum line with an ultrasonic scaler and handheld instruments.
- Root planing.
- Polishing of teeth with the AIR-FLOW treatment.
- Polishing of the surfaces of fillings and teeth with an abrasive paste.
- Desensitization of teeth with exposed root surfaces.
- Assessment of the condition of fillings, prostheses, and implants.
- Application of preventive materials to the teeth (for example, fluoride.
- Assessment of personal oral hygiene and effectiveness of tooth brushing.
- Education of patients on proper oral hygiene habits at home and assistance in choosing the proper oral care products: toothbrushes, dental floss, interdental toothpicks, interdental brushes, toothpastes, mouthwashes, and oral irrigators.
It is important to know:
- A healthy person with good dental care habits should undergo a professional dental cleaning 1–2 times a year.
- Plaque and tartar tend to accumulate much quicker in a person with poor dental care habits; therefore, a professional dental cleaning should be done every 2–3 months, and those persons who have periodontal diseases should undergo this procedure every 1–4 months.
- During orthodontic treatment, it is advisable to undergo a professional dental cleaning every 1–3 months; persons who have dental implants should undergo it every 4–6 months.
- It is very important to monitor the condition of the mouth and teeth during pregnancy.