The purpose of a fat grafting procedure is:
- To restore volume to a particular area of the body (e.g., cheeks, buttocks, lips);
- To fill out deep wrinkles;
- To correct defects in particular areas of the body (e.g., volume-deficient areas after previous trauma).
How is the Surgery Performed?
The surgery is performed under general or local anesthesia. The surgery is done under general or local anesthesia. At the site, where the fat will be removed, 0.5-cm incisions are done. Fat for grafting is usually harvested from the abdomen or waist areas. Through the incision, a cooled saline solution (5ºC–8ºC) is injected, which reduces bleeding and disperses the fat cells. Later, a thin tube so-called a cannula is inserted and liposuction is performed. Fat cells are processed by employing a special approach and then they are injected into the treated area. Usually 100–200 mL of fat is taken; the amount depends on what type of correction is needed to be performed. The surgeon always overfills the area being treated because approximately 60% of the fat injected is absorbed by the body.
What Should Be Known After Surgery?
- After the surgery, the fat transferred can be absorbed by the body; therefore, the cosmetic effect can be insufficient;
- The volume of the fat transferred also depends on changes in the patient’s weight – with weight loss, its volume decreases;
- The sites where the fat was grafted should not be massaged for about one month.