Vasectomy , or male sterilization, is a method of sterilization. The vas deferens, the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the penis, are tied, cut, or blocked using other methods. It is an effective method of contraception.
Vasectomy does not affect man’s sexual potency. The body continues to produce male hormones, and the man is able to achieve erection and ejaculation (without sperm).
The surgery is performed in men aged 25 years and more, who do not plan to have children.
How Is the Surgery Performed?
The surgery is performed under spinal or general anesthesia.
Two small incisions are placed in the scrotum of the testicle. A small segment of each vas deferens is removed (for histological examination). Then the ends of the vas deferens are folded over and sealed with sutures.
What Should Be Known After Surgery?
- The man is considered as being infertile after 6-8 weeks (after 15 ejaculations on the average). At least 3 samples of the semen should be taken for testing, which shows no sperm in the semen. It is recommended to use another method of contraception until the absence of sperm in the ejaculates is confirmed.
- In very rare cases, recanalization of the vas deferens occurs that makes a man fertile again. Therefore, it is recommended to test the semen repeatedly 1 year after the procedure