Hallux valgus correction
Hallux valgus is a deformity of the great toe characterized by its lateral deviation. The deviation is often accompanied by the formation of a bony prominence (bunion) that causes pain.
A surgical correction is indicated when the patient suffers from pain, there are difficulties to fit footwear, or conservative treatment is not effective.
How Is the Surgery Performed?
The procedure is usually performed under regional anesthesia, and depending on the degree of deformity, it can take from 20 minutes to 1.5 hours to complete.
The goal of the procedure is to correct the deviation of the first metatarsal, to remove bony prominences, and to restore the normal function of the joint.
During the surgery, the bony prominences are removed, and the bone cut is repositioned into a proper position and fixed with special screws and plates. The repair of the tendons and ligaments around the joint is performed.
What Should Be Known After Surgery?
- Typically, immediately after the procedure, the patient can step on the heel of the foot affected, while wearing a special surgical shoe;
- Most patients resume their daily routines completely within 1.5–3 months;
- The surgical wound should be redressed once per week;
- The sutures are removed after 14–18 days;
- For approximately 1 week, cold compresses should be applied to the foot and kept for 20 minutes a few times per day.