Removal of the uterus (hysterectomy)
This surgery is most often performed to treat the following medical conditions: bleeding, endometrial hyperplasia, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and uterine and vaginal prolapse.
How Is the Surgery Performed?
A hysterectomy involves a special preparation because it is considered a major surgery.
The surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation or regional anesthesia.
A hysterectomy can be performed through the vagina or abdominal wall. The uterus can be removed through the abdominal wall by employing a laparoscopic approach or by placing an incision above the pubic hairline in the lower abdomen.
If necessary, the uterus can be removed along with its appendages.
A hysterectomy through the vagina can be combined with vaginoplasty and perineoplasty.
What Should Be Known After Surgery?
- The patient should refrain from sexual intercourse for 6 weeks after the surgery;
- Physical activity is discouraged approximately for 2 months, until the surgical wounds heal completely.