Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive method used for both diagnostic and surgical treatment purposes. This approach leaves no visible scars, allows patients to resume normal daily activities sooner, and shortens recovery time when compared with open (laparotomic) procedures.
The surgery is performed under general anesthesia as the abdominal cavity is inflated with CO2 gas to examine the woman’s abdominal and pelvic organs and carry out the surgical manipulations needed.
During the procedure, one small incision is always placed in the belly button. If not only a diagnostic procedure is required, 2 or 3 additional instruments can be introduced through the incisions placed on both the sides of the abdomen.
After the laparoscopy, the gas is released, and the incisions are closed. Extracorporeal suturing can be employed to close the incisions (knots are tied outside the abdomen), or when the incision is larger, intracorporeal suturing can be done (knots are tied within the abdominal cavity).
The following procedures can be performed laparoscopically:
- Infertility investigation for tubal patency
- Ovarian cystectomy
- Removal of uterine fibroids (myomectomy)
What Should Be Known After Surgery?
- Sometimes patients experience pain radiating to the area under the collar bones. It usually disappears with a few days;
- The sutures are removed after 1 week;
- Normal daily activities can be already resumed after a few days. Recovery time after laparoscopic surgery depends on the extent of the procedure performed, and usually it takes up to 4 weeks.