Colonoscopy is the endoscopic examination of the large bowel and the distal part of the small bowel with a CCD camera or a fiber optic camera on a flexible tube passed through the anus. It can provide a visual diagnosis (e.g. ulceration, polyps) and grants the opportunity for biopsy or removal of suspected colorectal cancer lesions.
The most common reasons to perform a colonoscopy:
- preventive checks on potential colon cancer
- rectal bleeding
- bowel disorder – persistent diarrhea
- prolonged, unexplained abdominal pain
- iron deficiency anemia
- family history of colorectal cancer
- monitoring patients with colorectal polyps, tumors
- changes observed in the colon using radiological imaging methods – radiopaque or CT scan
How is the procedure performed?
Colonoscopy is performed using a flexible endoscope-colonoscope with or without intravenous sedation medication (sedation) or general anesthesia. Through the anus into the digestive tube a thin flexible colonoscope with a light source and a video camera is inserted, with it an entire colon and the distal part of the small intestine is observed. During the procedure, a stream of air is led through the endoscope in order to open the colon and small bowel lumen. This allows us to examine these organs with high precision and facilitates the insertion of the endoscope. During the colonoscopy, the doctor, depending on the clinical situation and / or endoscopic findings may perform diagnostic procedures like (colon and / or small intestine ) normal or altered tissue biopsy.
In the clinic „Grožio chirurgija“ endoscopic tests are performed by an experienced gastroenterologist, Ph.D. Professor of Medicine. Kęstutis Adamonis.
We only work with modern, advanced Japanese OLYMPUS endoscopic equipment that makes diagnostics of digestive tract diseases, including cancer very accurate.